In describing the Trivium, C.S. Lewis says, “Having learned from grammar how to talk, we must learn from Dialectic how to talk sense, to argue, to prove and disprove”*C. S. Lewis. “The Seven Liberal Arts.” The Discarded Image: An Introduction to Medieval and Renaissance Literature. 1964. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2000.185-197.
The Logic stage is the study of the relationship of those parts and how they fit or work together, as well as examining arguments. As students mature, they begin to think more analytically and become more interested in how facts fit together. They begin to understand cause and effect relationships and develop the ability to wrestle with seemingly contradictory statements or ideas. Instruction includes: debate, formal logic, and speech.
Students are introduced to Socratic Dialogue, a method involving questioning designed to ultimately lead students to understanding and embracing truth. Jesus often used questions such as, “What will it profit a man if he gains the world but loses His soul? Who do men say I am? Who do you say I am?”